5G: The Rundown for Broadband Providers

By now, you are most likely used to seeing “4G” in the top corner of your smartphone’s screen. 4G, the fourth generation of mobile internet technology, changed the way we use our phones forever. The apps that have been created for 4G are smart and incredible; we never could have imagined the capabilities they have. However, 4G has been around for several years now, and it is nearly time for something newer, stronger, and faster.

5G is a next generation mobile internet technology that promises to deliver faster download speeds, better connections, and wider coverage. 5G offers three major upgrades to its predecessor, 4G: minimal delay (low latency), long battery life, and high speeds. 4G downloads can reach 50 megabits per second, while 5G is able to operate at speeds that are 100 times faster (some sources say 1,000 times faster). No one knows what new companies and services 5G will inspire, just as no one could predict the amazing applications of 4G, such as Lyft and Snapchat.

The Race to 5G

The first 5G-ready smartphones won’t arrive until next year. This year’s efforts will be a mix of portable hotspots and fixed wireless—that is, using cellular networks to offer an alternative to wires for home broadband. The four major US carriers all plan to offer 5G mobile service in the first half of 2019, but they’re all taking a different approach.

AT&T is offering 5G-powered mobile hotspots in a dozen cities this year. Verizon plans 5G services in at least 5 cities this year (not for mobile phones, but for fixed wireless). Sprint is working on rolling out smartphone service in 9 US cities, and they are hoping to take advantage of some unique airwaves they own. Finally, T-Mobile plans to offer 5G smartphone service next year to customers in four major cities. By 2021, T-Mobile plans to provide speeds in excess of 100Mbit/s to two-thirds of the US population.

All of these companies are racing against each other as well as racing against other countries. Right now, there is a three-way game among the United States, China, and South Korea to get 5G networks up and running first. It seems that the U.S. will be first with 5G in a few places, but China will be first to bring 5G to everybody. The U.K. should certainly not be ignored either; Vodafone recently conducted a live holographic call using 5G. In addition to trying to be first, there is a fight over who will provide the technology to power the networks. The U.S. has security concerns about China and will not allow Huawei to provide gear to major US telecom firms.

Timeline

Gartner, Inc. developed a tool called the Hype Cycle to help understand how particular technologies are regarded in terms of the reality of expectations as compared to how the technology is used over time. The hype cycle consists of five phases: the technology trigger, the peak of inflated expectations, the trough of disillusionment, the slope of enlightenment, and the plateau of productivity. 5G, according to Qualcomm Director of Product Marketing Sherif Hanna, is slightly past peak hype and we are on the way to the trough of disillusionment.

Hanna explained that there is some backlash due to the extreme hype around 5G. Some people are almost having an allergic reaction to it, saying 5G is all hype and no substance whatsoever. Hanna disagrees, but the critics make a valid point. 5G has not been substantiated yet, but everyone—including the government—is already so invested. The real question here is this: what is the timeline for 5G between where we are and the slope of enlightenment?

Although the four major carriers plan to offer 5G mobile service in the first half of next year, it will be a long time before 5G coverage is ubiquitous. By mid-2019, Sprint is promising always-connected 5G PCs on its network. By 2020-21, 5G will be delivering Internet of Things upgrades, supporting connected cars and other IoT devices. Deployment on cell towers has already begun. Deployment in urban areas is in the works. Application adoption will come last, most likely in a few years. While 5G will be impressive, it is far away from being available to consumers and we should keep that in perspective.

5G and Broadband Providers

According to analysts for Light Reading, 5G is soon to become the “largest existential threat” to broadband providers. Speedy fixed 5G services are going to take money from cable broadband. For example, T-Mobile plans to capture 10 million broadband subs by 2024, largely targeting cable’s footprint. Cable companies have historically refrained from competing against each other, so many US cities have just one provider. Comcast and Charter together provide broadband service to 68 million Americans. 5G will threaten their market share.

5G and IoT

4G helped launch the app revolution, and 5G will carry the torch. It will not only enrich experiences for existing applications but also enable new Internet of Things (IoT) use cases. 5G will mean faster data on phones but will also pave the way for billions of connected IoT devices. Applications built on underlying technologies such as augmented reality, VR, and AI will benefit from massive data pipes and ultra-low latency.

It is important to note that there are security concerns with the plethora of IoT devices that will run on 5G. There are already existing security concerns with current IoT devices because their creators favor low prices over strong security, making them easy picking for hackers. Today people secure these devices by buying additional products to monitor home-network traffic, but with 5G, many more devices will bypass that network and connect directly to the Internet. The issue isn’t one hacked IoT device, but the millions of controllable hijacked devices.

In many ways, 5G will make life easier and more convenient. One major benefit of 5G networks will be the use of delivery drones, or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). People will be able to place their online orders from their mobile devices, pay less for shipping, and acquire their goods quickly, securely, and for a low cost. Drones already exist, but 5G will help coordinate large fleets of them, allowing them to fly safely and automatically avoid collisions with high buildings and other UAVs.

If you’re picturing the drones flying through a city, you are correct. There will still be limited access to rural areas due to limited 5G offerings. Many people are claiming that 5G will help close the Digital Divide in America. However, rural areas that currently have subpar broadband will most likely continue down that path. It simply costs too much in the eyes of the companies pushing 5G to build out all of this fiber infrastructure needed for 5G in rural America. Today approximately 24% of rural Americans are on the wrong side of the digital divide, and it will likely be a very long time before this is remedied.

5G’s First Adopters

5G’s first adopters will undoubtedly be heavy industries and not consumer brands. They will use 5G for its Internet of Things applications. Oil fields, for example, plan to use the technology to boost their collection of data from sensors. Industrial automation will benefit the most, at least in the beginning. Consumer applications, which will come later, will drive the majority of the bandwidth with video and gaming.

Mobile browsing is great these days, but surfing the web without a Wi-Fi connection leaves much to be desired. For example, it’s really hard to play Fortnite Mobile using a data plan. FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr explained how 5G will essentially eliminate the need to be connected to Wi-Fi. This shift has massive ramifications for information accessibility, telecoms, telehealth, and, of course, mobile gaming. Carr went on to say, “They should be branding it as 5G, The Fortnite Network.” Certain Fortnite updates have been over 1GB and could take hours to download on 4G. At 10 Gbps, these updates could be downloaded in a minute and a half. 5G gives users the speed of wired, fiber-optic internet connections, minus the cords.

Gaming may not be your thing, but some form of streaming video probably is. Netflix streaming will be like never before, and you will have access to extremely high quality video conferencing. Surgeons could even operate remotely over the internet. 5G will make all of our devices smarter, but can it make our cities smarter too?

 Experts say that 5G networks will jumpstart the smart cities movement, which is aimed at making cities more sustainable and efficient. The vision for 5G is to enable cities to combine data and devices to reduce traffic, energy, improve communications, protect neighborhoods, and save time and money.

However, “5G and smart cities can only become a reality for all Americans if there is enough fiber infrastructure to support them,” wrote Lisa Youngers, CEO of the Fiber Broadband Association. This is true. In order to get the 5G, your devices still have to connect to a wired network; when they connect to the cell tower, the tower is connected to a landline network. The little antenna might be broadcasting, but when the signal comes back there’s a wire behind it.

5G is not comprised of a standalone new technology. Its disruptive nature comes from its ability to aggregate the power of new and existing networks, mobile, fixed, and wireless to create flexibility. Nearly all of the communication through 5G will still travel fiber in the ground or underwater. Only the very last part of the connection—from the handset to the tower—will be wireless. 4G and 5G cannot exist without the fiber that empowers them. Are you building services to support the towers that support 5G? You must in order to meet the demand of underlying connectivity for 5G. Ronin can help you plan, build, and run these services. Give us a call today at (303)-678-1844 or email us at hello@roninpbr.com.

 

Broadband-Powered Digital Art

The Meural is an electronic art display where you choose museum quality, often famous, works of art from Meural’s app and website to display on your wall. The company has partnerships with major museums and therefore provides seriously well known art. Their catalog includes tens of thousands of works of art.

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The Meural has 8GB of storage and measures 27 inches across. You can swipe up for more information on the art, like who created it and what it’s about. Swiping down gives you access to settings like WiFi and sleep mode. Swiping left or right changes the displayed piece of art. You must have a reliable broadband connection in order to enjoy Meural in your own space. As brilliant as it is, expect some occasional connectivity issues.

The Meural runs for nearly $600, which includes the cost of the display and the artwork.

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This is a piece from an exhibit titled “Unsmart Devices

Broadband Empowers Economic Growth and Quality of Life

The Council of Economic Advisors issued a brief to the White House detailing how broadband access helps Americans cross the digital divide. The digital divide is an economic and social inequality referring to the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology. Presently broadband access is primarily confined to large, urban areas, leaving rural Americans on the wrong side of the digital divide.

Bridging the digital divide means better access to educational tools, better healthcare, enhanced civic participation, and increasing the workforce. The labor pool for a rural community can grow significantly in two ways; rural citizens gain access to jobs they never had before, and people from other places can collaborate remotely with the rural residents online. The discrepancy between those who are online and those who are not is overwhelming. The latter cannot compete in the modern economy. Despite being considered one of the most advanced countries in the world by digital use, spending, and employment, the United States has significant room for improvement.

According to US Telecom, broadband enables at least 10 million new jobs in America alone. An often forgotten segment of the population, married women, saw an increase of 4.1% in their participation in the labor force with the introduction of broadband. Everyone benefits from broadband infrastructure, from individuals seeking job opportunities to nations building more self-sufficient communities.

The World Bank, seeing the impact of broadband on much of the world, has targeted broadband access as a tool for improving economics in the Middle East and North Africa. President Trump and the US should have the same goal in mind when it comes to infrastructure plans. We simply cannot be our greatest selves with 15% of our country isolated from the digital world.

Source

The Importance of Broadband to Site Selection

When it comes to site selection, utility service is heavily scrutinized. Locations are routinely eliminated due to issues with lack of electricity, gas, water, etc. Now that technology has become so advanced, the Internet is extremely important to economic development and site selection. Broadband is now considered by many to be a utility. The availability, quality, and competitiveness of broadband service have become and will continue to be a key issue for many locations.

Broadband service connects businesses and individuals to the global marketplace. We can communicate and collaborate in ways never before possible. People want to live where there is broadband service. It has become an essential quality-of-life amenity for many. Broadband allows for a more flexible lifestyle by providing greater access to education through distance learning programs or remote employment.

Corporate site selectors expect broadband as it is a critical piece of infrastructure for attracting new capital investment. Locations with inadequate connectivity are quickly passed over for projects requiring broadband. Merely having broadband likely places a location on a level playing field with other communities. From the site selection consultant’s perspective, broadband is essential. Lack of access to broadband would be a huge negative in a competitive location search.

Speedmatters.org says that for each $5 billion in new broadband investment, 250,000 jobs are created. Various econometric analyses have demonstrated a positive correlation between broadband and economic growth, and its importance in the site selection process with not diminish. The statistics no longer suggest, but indisputably assert, that high-speed Internet has become a key economic development tool and private sector job creation vehicle. 

So compelling is the web as a business resource that modern commerce simply cannot function without it. Communities lagging behind in broadband are at an ever more competitive disadvantage. Not only will companies find themselves at a competitive disadvantage, but communities that fail to invest in their communications infrastructure may discover that their economic development initiatives are destined for a similar fate.

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Mayors Urge Trump Administration to Include Broadband in Infrastructure Investment Plans

Mayors and other elected community leaders representing 62 cities and counties this week urged President Trump, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, and House Speaker Paul Ryan to include broadband in infrastructure plans. The signatories represent nearly 16 million Americans. 17% of Americans and some 53% of rural Americans lack broadband access. The letter goes on to recommend three guiding principles that should be included in any federal infrastructure plan: promote broadband access, promote broadband affordability, and promote local solutions for broadband. Congress is working with the Trump administration to find common ground and follow through on Trump’s campaign promises to boost federal infrastructure investment.

Benefits of Broadband for Communities

Broadband in 2017 holds many similarities to the railroad’s opening of the country in the late 1800s. In both cases, a significant investment of time and materials was necessary to develop new infrastructure, and in both cases, the ultimate value of that investment is realized not simply through that infrastructure itself, but through the economic ecosystem that grows and evolves around it.

In the case of the railroads, that meant banking and financial services institutions; travel and hospitality providers; printing and communications companies; freight logistics and shipment handlers; and a host of other business activity. The railroad became defined by more than the ability to connect distant points; it became defined by the ability to create new businesses out of nothingness, to enable existing businesses to grow, and to change the way that municipalities viewed themselves in the broader economic landscape.

That’s true of broadband, too. Fast, high-speed connectivity offers more than just improvement in the lives of day-today ‘online citizen work.’ It also offers five broader areas of real economic benefit to communities – connection to the information economy, the Internet of Things, the engine of electronic commerce, the world of big data, and the visual experience era. In this paper, we’ll examine each one, and discuss the significant – and long-ranging – positive impacts that they have.

CONNECTING TO THE INFORMATION ECONOMY

In much the same way that the railroad opened commerce between towns, and expanded the focus of the municipal economy to the sale of products and services regionally and nationally, so too does broadband enable municipalities to begin thinking bigger. Remote work is among the most immediate and obvious benefits. Towns connected to fast, reliable broadband enable their citizens to take posts with firms headquartered in distant cities, creating new job opportunities that lie outside the reach of the local economic base.

The statistics only point toward remote work becoming the norm, too: work-at-home employees, among the non-self-employed population, have grown by 103% since 2005. While the total U.S. employee workforce grew by 1.9% from 2013 to 2014, remote work employees grew by 5.6% – nearly three times as fast. A survey of business leaders at a recent Global Leadership Summit in London found that 34% said more than half their company’s full-time workforce would be working remotely by 2020.

But connecting to the information economy involves more than remote work. It also involves remotely acquiring the skillsets necessary to participate in that economy. Colleges and universities have steadily increased the amount of coursework that students can remotely participate in, and beyond traditional higher education, massive open online courses (MOOCs) offer many of the same benefits in a no-cost learning environment. Again, however, much of that coursework is best performed in a live, video-enabled setting that provides real-time interaction – and that is best served on a reliable, fast digital backbone that can accommodate the streaming content needs of tens of thousands of citizens simultaneously.

CONNECTING TO THE INTERNET OF THINGS

Broadband offers much more than simply the opportunity to connect to distant organizations, or to connect neighbors across town; it offers the possibility to connect citizens to the town itself, and to towns around, leveraging the emerging trend of the Internet of Things. Specifically, broadband construction offers the chance to rethink how town services and infrastructural components can communicate with town leaders – and with each other.

Consider the possibility of notifying citizens immediately when water quality changes; monitoring park usage by offering free wifi and tracking logins; enabling a train signal to talk to town stoplights to run longer green lights across the tracks when a train will be blocking the intersection in fewer than fifteen minutes. These are just a handful of the thousands of new projects towns across the United States are undertaking, based on the presence of reliable, fast broadband infrastructure in their localities.

The Internet of Things promises a better community by enabling city infrastructure to do more – more self-reporting and status checking, more intelligent conversation with related services, and more transparency to the population. Citizens don’t have to wonder any longer where the snowplows are; they can pull up a live map of where the plows are working, with a schedule of when they’ll be in a specific area. Traffic lights can dynamically re-time themselves to accommodate changes in weather in order to minimize drive times and pollution. Rain sensors can push text messages to citizens with recommended changes to lawn watering times.

To date, the IoT has been closely associated with Smart City initiatives in major metropolitan areas, but many of the same benefits that have been realized in cities like Stockholm, Songdo and Helsinki can be put to work in municipalities a fraction of their size. In many cases, the cost/benefit ratio is actually higher for smaller cities; while the IoT can be retrofitted to existing infrastructure, it’s most efficiently deployed in line with a larger municipal infrastructure renovation project – which is why it’s become an increasingly popular project to be implemented with broadband construction. It’s a chance to ‘start over’ in a truly digital sense and enable powerful new sensor and communication systems, all powered by a robust new digital backbone.


CONNECTING TO THE ENGINE OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

The ability of light manufacturers and specialty retailers in smaller cities and towns to connect to the global engine of electronic commerce is vital to municipal health and growth. As more small firms achieve growth-stage viability through microfunding and crowdsourced funding services, it becomes possible to develop a significant manufacturing and retail sector in municipalities that have historically been agricultural, ‘bedroom,’ or hospitality and service-based communities. Fast, reliable broadband is a significant enabler for small businesses in light manufacturing and retail that need to move significant volumes of data – engineering designs and CDC patterns, high-resolution color product images, volume ordering data – on a regular basis.

Broadband is more than an enabling technology for existing and within-community entrepreneurial organizations, though. It’s also a key economic development driver for attracting new entrepreneurs to specified electronic commerce zones within the municipality. Across the country, many towns have deployed defined enterprise zones with a specific focus on electronic commerce development, with tax incentives specifically designed to attract new businesses that rely on distant trade over a robust fiber backbone. Zones of this type generally provide qualifying businesses with credits against either their state income tax, corporate excise tax, or both, and generally tend to center around the range of 25% of the qualifying business’ capital cost for electronic commerce investments within a specified year or range of years.

CONNECTING TO THE WORLD OF BIG DATA

Big Data – simply put, datasets too large to analyze with conventional analytical tools – is a trending technology for Fortune 1000 CEOs, data scientists, and city managers alike. The promise of the Internet of Things is more than just the ability to connect infrastructural components in real time; it’s also the ability to populate and examine an ever-expanding body of collected data and look for emerging trends in municipal operations and citizen services.

Big Data offers valuable use cases for municipalities of all kinds. In agricultural communities, sharing crop health and pricing data across the city – and even across a region – can help every individual contributor to that centralized body of data to see emerging trends before they become problems. Similarly, comparing annual yields over time compared with commodity pricing can help to predict future economic performance of the sector within the municipality.

From a broader perspective, the same concept – capturing and examining Big Data either horizontally (in a specific moment in time across a wide geographic area) or longitudinally (over a long period of time in a specific and defined area) – can apply to other municipal endeavors, too. From studying town and regional weather patterns to better predict and inform the citizen population to analyzing infrastructure and utility usage over time to plan a more efficient power and water system, Big Data holds immense promise for the improvement of citizens’ lives – and the efficient use of their tax dollars.

But access to Big Data’s long-term benefits require the kind of resilient, fast broadband infrastructure that makes the daily transfer of gigabytes of data a straightforward and unremarkable task. It’s for this reason that more and more municipal governments are looking to combine their urban and exurban Big Data initiatives with the installation of new fiber-optic broadband infrastructure. The benefits of municipal and regional Big Data visibility substantially outweigh the cost of installation and operation.

CONNECTING TO THE VISUAL EXPERIENCE ERA

The last benefit area under discussion in this paper is one that places the heaviest demands on a city’s broadband infrastructure – ubiquitous telepresence, or the ‘always-on visual experience.’ Increasingly, HD-quality video is being used to break down perceived barriers of distance, whether between an employee and employer, a patient and a physician in a distant city, an air quality sensor and a central utility operations room, or a distant field irrigation meter and a city water planner. The closer we can bring distant entities together with video, the less relevant the real distance between them becomes.

That distance is important to consider in both directions for municipal planners – in terms of both ways to bring the citizenry closer to outside opportunities, and ways to bring outside services closer to the population. The first of these includes remote work (see above), but so much more as well – from bringing cultural and artistic events in distant cities to smaller towns in full HD, to enabling citizens to take part in political events on a regional basis.

The second of these – bringing outside services closer to the population – makes a small town feel ‘bigger’ when need be. The promise of distance telemedicine delivered in full HD means that a small town can have access to specialists in other cities. Working in conjunction with local healthcare staff, distant physicians can instruct the on-site team what to look for, and gauge patient reaction and response and act appropriately.

GETTING STARTED

Faced with the immensity of the opportunity base that broadband offers, our clients generally have one immediate question: how do we get started?

At Ronin, we use a five-step process to build a holistic service and infrastructure plan.

  • Start with the end in mind. We recommend working backward from the desired community outcomes, through the broadband service layer, and ultimately to the design of the network and the associated service ecosystem. By beginning with the end in mind, it’s easy to draw functional throughlines to the architecture and partner group. That process, in turn, starts with identifying the key performance indicators (KPIs) that citizens want to see changed as a result of implementing broadband.
  • Centralize & productize community KPIs. When communication, for instance, emerges as a citizen concern across multiple areas of service, establishing a center of excellence around communication and pulling together multiple services into a centralized environment becomes a cost- and time-efficient idea. These centers of excellence become delivery, innovation and planning hubs that reduce overall cost to serve and work together to deliver quality service to citizens.
  • See the full landscape. Since 2010, an increasingly complex ecosystem of Smart City service providers has sprung up, offering technologies and professional services in areas ranging from city parking and waste management to city data traffic, transport, connectivity and more. Choosing the right technology partners, and building out the right Smart City ‘stack,’ is a unique endeavor for each specific municipality. That effort benefits from selecting an overall transformation partner that sees the full landscape of potential partner organizations and can guide the development of that stack on an agnostic basis.
  • Define value delivered to the citizen. Broadband can seem, to citizens, like a ‘shovels’ project – when in fact, it is much, much more. Understanding how each use case in a deployed broadband ring provides tangible benefits, as discussed in this paper, can provide real insight on the value of the investment, and the many forms of fiscal and experiential return that taxpayers can expect for their money.
  • Build the delivery ecosystem. With the preceding steps in place, it’s time to build the delivery ecosystem – from the broadband infrastructure through the service layer and out to the citizenry. The resulting plan should consider everything from broadband service billing and customer care through service quality feedback and ongoing ecosystem evolution roadmapping. Again, it’s important to have a partner that can assist in every step of this process stage.

 


 

ABOUT RONIN TECHNOLOGY ADVISORS

At Ronin, we believe that broadband is about value – the value it creates for the company, the investors, the customers, and the community. We bring to bear decades of experience designing, building, and operating broadband infrastructure. Through this expertise, we enable our clients to create long-term value. The market today is fast-paced, and companies find themselves at different levels of technology evolution. We meet our clients where they are today, and work with what they have to get them where they want to be.

Part 5: Connecting to the Visual Experience Era

This is our final installment of our series on the benefits of broadband for communities!

The last benefit area under
discussion in this paper is one that places the heaviest demands on a city’s
broadband infrastructure – ubiquitous telepresence, or the ‘always-on visual
experience.’ Increasingly, HD-quality video is being used to break down perceived
barriers of distance, whether between an employee and employer, a patient and a
physician in a distant city, an air quality sensor and a central utility
operations room, or a distant field irrigation meter and a city water planner.
The closer we can bring distant entities together with video, the less relevant
the real distance between them becomes.

That distance is important to
consider in both directions for municipal planners – in terms of both ways to
bring the citizenry closer to outside opportunities, and ways to bring outside
services closer to the population. The first of these includes remote work (see
above), but so much more as well – from bringing cultural and artistic events
in distant cities to smaller towns in full HD, to enabling citizens to take
part in political events on a regional basis.

The second of these – bringing
outside services closer to the population – makes a small town feel ‘bigger’
when need be. The promise of distance telemedicine delivered in full HD means
that a small town can have access to specialists in other cities. Working in
conjunction with local healthcare staff, distant physicians can instruct the
on-site team what to look for, and gauge patient reaction and response and act
appropriately.

Part 4: Connecting to the World of Big Data

Part 4/5 from our series on the benefits of broadband for communities!

Big Data – simply put, datasets too
large to analyze with conventional analytical tools – is a trending technology
for Fortune 1000 CEOs, data scientists, and city managers alike. The promise of
the Internet of Things is more than just the ability to connect infrastructural
components in real time; it’s also the ability to populate and examine an
ever-expanding body of collected data and look for emerging trends in municipal
operations and citizen services.

Big Data offers valuable use cases
for municipalities of all kinds. In agricultural communities, sharing crop
health and pricing data across the city – and even across a region – can help
every individual contributor to that centralized body of data to see emerging
trends before they become problems. Similarly, comparing annual yields over
time compared with commodity pricing can help to predict future economic
performance of the sector within the municipality.

From a broader perspective, the
same concept – capturing and examining Big Data either horizontally (in a specific
moment in time across a wide geographic area) or longitudinally (over a long
period of time in a specific and defined area) – can apply to other municipal
endeavors, too. From studying town and regional weather patterns to better
predict and inform the citizen population to analyzing infrastructure and
utility usage over time to plan a more efficient power and water system, Big
Data holds immense promise for the improvement of citizens’ lives – and the
efficient use of their tax dollars.

But access to Big Data’s long-term
benefits require the kind of resilient, fast broadband infrastructure that
makes the daily transfer of gigabytes of data a straightforward and
unremarkable task. It’s for this reason that more and more municipal
governments are looking to combine their urban and exurban Big Data initiatives
with the installation of new fiber-optic broadband infrastructure. The benefits
of municipal and regional Big Data visibility substantially outweigh the cost
of installation and operation.

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